Dengue (articulated DENgee) fever is an excruciating, crippling mosquito-borne malady caused by any of four firmly related dengue infections. These infections are identified with the infections that reason West Nile contamination and yellow fever.
An expected 390 million dengue diseases happen worldwide every year, with around 96 million bringing about sickness. Most cases happen in tropical territories of the world, with the most serious hazard happening in:
The Indian subcontinent
The Pacific Islands
The Caribbean (with the exception of Cuba and the Cayman Islands)
Focal and South America (with the exception of Chile, Paraguay, and Argentina)
Most cases in the United States happen in individuals who get the contamination while voyaging abroad. Yet, the hazard is expanding for individuals living along the Texas-Mexico outskirt and in different parts of the southern United States. In 2009, an episode of dengue fever was recognized in Key West, Fla.
Dengue fever is transmitted by the nibble of an Aedes mosquito contaminated with a dengue infection. The mosquito ends up tainted when it chomps a man with dengue infection in their blood. It can’t be spread specifically starting with one individual then onto the next individual.
Manifestations of Dengue Fever
Manifestations, which generally start four to six days after contamination and keep going for up to 10 days, may incorporate
Sudden, high fever
Torment behind the eyes
Serious joint and muscle torment
Skin rash, which seems two to five days after the beginning of the fever
Gentle dying (such a nose drain, draining gums, or simple wounding)
Some of the time, side effects are gentle and can be confused with those of influenza or another viral contamination. More youthful kids and individuals who have never had the contamination will, in general, have milder cases than more established kids and grown-ups. In any case, major issues can create. These incorporate dengue hemorrhagic fever, an uncommon confusion described by high fever, harm to lymph and veins, seeping from the nose and gums, augmentation of the liver, and disappointment of the circulatory framework. The indications may advance to gigantic dying, stun, and demise. This is called dengue stun disorder (DSS).
Individuals with debilitated safe frameworks and in addition those with a second or ensuing dengue contamination are accepted to be a more serious hazard for creating dengue hemorrhagic fever.
Diagnosing Dengue Fever
Doctors can diagnose dengue infection with a blood test to check for the virus or antibodies to it. If you become sick after traveling to a tropical area, let your doctor know. This will allow your doctor to evaluate the possibility that your symptoms were caused by a dengue infection.
Preventing Dengue Fever
There is no vaccine to prevent dengue fever. The best way to prevent the disease is to prevent bites by infected mosquitoes, particularly if you are living in or traveling to a tropical area. This involves protecting yourself and making efforts to keep the mosquito population down.
To protect yourself:
- Stay away from heavily populated residential areas, if possible.
- Use mosquito repellents, even indoors.
- When outdoors, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants tucked into socks.
- When indoors, use air conditioning if available.
- Make sure window and door screens are secure and free of holes. If sleeping areas are not screened or air-conditioned, use mosquito nets.
- If you have symptoms of dengue, speak to your doctor.
To reduce the mosquito population, get rid of places where mosquitoes can breed. These include old tires, cans, or flower pots that collect rain. Regularly change the water in outdoor birdbaths and pets’ water dishes.
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